This Website is called Civil War Fun Facts. We realize that there was very little, if anything, fun about the Civil War. Many men were permantly disabled, and worse, many died. We have tried to find bits of information that don't always reflect the trauma of the war, and show a lighter side. To be true to the war, and to show some of the drama, however, we have included some of the bad to horrible facts. We are not trying to make light of these facts, but are trying to show the many aspects of the Civil War.
We hope that you enjoy the information.. If you have questions or comments, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.
What happened 148 years ago:
Sunday Nov. 8 1863
As Union Gen George Meade's men moved in Northern Virginia, there were skirmishes with Conf Robert E Lee's men atJeffersonton, Brandy Station, Warrenton, Rixleyville, Culpepper Court House, and Muddy Creek.
Saturday Nov. 7 1863
Union Gen George Meade's men crossed the Rappahannock River in Virginia.
Friday Nov. 6 1863
Tennessee saw action today at Chattanooga, Rogersville, and Knoxville.
Texas was busy at Browmsville and Point Isabelle.
Today was the Battle of Drop Mountain WV.
Thursday Nov. 5 1863
New Mexico saw action today on the Gila River.
Vermillion LA, Holly Springs MS, Neosha MO, and Moscow TN all saw action today.
Wednesday Nov. 4 1863
Conf Gen James Longstreet had been helping in the Conf siege of Chattanooga. Today he was ordered to move to East Tennessee.
Tennessee also saw action at Knoxville. Union Gen Ambrose Burnside captured the city and the railroads that went through it. This crippled the communications of the Confederate armies.
Missouri saw action at Lexington and Neosho.
Tuesday Nov. 3 1863
After continued shelling of Fort Sumter, in Charleston Harbor, SC, Union Admiral John Dahlgren, decided that further shelling would be of no value. The bomb proof shelters could protect the enemy. A land force was needed.
Tennessee saw action at the Battle of Collierville.
Tuesday October 27, 1896.
The siege of Chattanooga continues, with needed supplies on the way via the “Cracker Line”.
Tennessee also saw action at Brown's Ferry, Sweeetwater, and Pulaski.
Virginia was busy at Bealton, Rappahannock Station,a nd Elizabeth.
Monday Oct. 26 1863
The Union army in Chattanooga TN was running low on supplies. Gen Grant established the “Cracker Line” as a means of getting supplies to the Union Troops.
Sunday Oct. 25 1863
Conf Gen John Marmaduke attacked the city of Pine Bluff AK, with great resistance. He felt that the opposition was so strong that he retreated from the city.
The siege of Chattanooga continues for yet another day.
Alabama saw action at Barton Station, Tuscumbia, and Round Mountain.
Saturday Oct. 24 1863
The siege of Chattanooga continues, while TN has other action in Philadelphia.
Friday Oct. 23 1863
The siege of Chattanooga continues. Elsewhere in Tennessee, Sweetwater and Tallahoma saw some action.
Thursday Oct. 22 1863
After his meeting with Gen Rosecrans, Gen Grant is on his way to visit Chattanooga, the city under siege by the Confederates.
Wednesday Oct. 21 1863
After being relieved of his command at Chattanooga, Gen Rosecrans met with his commander, Gen U S Grant at Stevenson GA. The siege of Chattanooga continues.
Cherokee Station Alabama saw a skirmins today.
Louisiana has some action at Bayou Courtableau and Barre Landing.
Here Are The Facts
Added October 16, 2011
Union Ger U S Grant once owned slaves.
An 2 foot oak tree at the Spotsylvania, VA, battlefield was cut down by Minnie balls.
62,000 men were under General Sherman during his march to the sea.
There were no communication lines to or from Gen Sherman during his march to the sea. Only when he reached Atlanta did others know where he was.
The First Maine Heavy Artillery suffered 635 casualties in seven minutes at Petersburg. The unit began with 900 men.
Lt Thomas W Custer was the only Civil War soldier to win two Medals of Honor. He later died at Little Big Horn, with his brother George Armstrong Custer.
13,000 prisoners at Andersonville died of disease, exposure or malnutrition. There was a total of 45,000 Andersonville deaths through the war
Added March 13, 2011
Farming was the most common occupation of either the North or the South before the war.
At the start of Civil War, the three larges cites in the South were New Orleans 169,000, Charleston 40,600, and Richmond 38,000.
At the start of the war, Grant was 39 years old, and Lee was 54.
“Sherman’s Neckties” was the name given to railroad rails that were heated over a fire, and bent around a tree. This made them unusable by the Confederates.
By the end of the war the US Navy sunk 1504 blockade runners.
Possibly the longest pontoon bridge in history was built across the James River during the siege of Petersburg.
When treating a patient, Clara Barton had a bullet pass through her sleeve, hit and kill her patient. She later was founder of the Red Cross.
Despite his reputation of destruction in his march to the sea, at the end of the war Union Gen William Sherman, was the most lenient of generals offering terms of surrender.
52,000 of the 292,000 men drafted in the August 1863 draft avoided military service by paying a $300 commutation fee.
Gen George B McClellan took a portable printing press into the field to print orders.
Added January 2 2011
Robert E Lee was opposed to slavery
Robert E Lee was against secession. He joined the Confederate to fight with his home state of Virginia
Gen Lee’s wife was a descendent of George Washington. One of Lee’s first staff officers, John A Washington, was a nephew of George Washington.
Conf General James Longstreet wore slippers at the battle of Sharpsburg
Confederate General James Longstreet was a supporter of U S Grant for president
Thirteen Union officers received the Thanks of Congress award. At the time this was greater than the Medal of Honor
At the start of the war field nurses were not admitted into traditional society. Many were not only nurses, but prostitutes.
At Spotsylvania, Robert E lee’s horse, Traveller, was spooked and reared up just in time for a canon ball to pass under him. Traveller was usually calm in battle.
18% of Southern white men died in the war
Arthur McArthur, an 18 year old soldier, fought at Missionary Ridge. He was the father of General Douglas MacArthur.
Conf General James Longstreet was the US Army paymaster prior to the war.
President Lincoln was willing to promote young officers to positions of importance. Winning battles was more important to him than seniority. President Davis was just the opposite.
At the battle of Ball’s Bluff more than 200 Union soldiers were killed or wounded, and 700 were missing and presumed drowned. Captured by the Confederates were the grandson of Paul Revere and the son of Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Added December 4, 2010
In the battle of New Market VA, cadet of VMI were involved, and 10 were killed. One of these was a descendant of Thomas Jefferson.
186,000 blacks, mostly slaves, were in the Union Army. It is estimated that 68,000 died.
At Gettysburg, Gen Abner Doubleday positioned him men on Cemetery Ridge, so named because of a cemetery. A sign on the entrance warned that anyone using a gun on the grounds would be prosecuted.
A typical 100 man company had one surgeon and two assistants
The company band would remove wounded for the battlefield. This was not adequate and many wounded stayed on the field and bled to death. Many could have been saved.
The average soldier weighed 145 pounds. This low weight was caused by poor diet, long marches, disease, and tough living.
1% of the civil war soldiers were regular army, 9% were draftees, and 90% were volunteers.
After the war Robert E Lee became president of Washington College, for a salary of $1500 per year.
Nathan Bedford Forest was the only soldier in the war to enter as a private and end as a Lt Col.
Most common hand guns were the Colt and Remington .44 caliber - named the army, and the .36 - named the Navy.
Each regiment was permitted a brass band to boost morale. When not playing the band members acted as medical assistants.
The last Confederate officer to die in combat was Gen james Dearing. He died on April 23,1865, from woukds suffered at Appomattox.
Confederate president, Jefferson Davis, was blind in his left eye.
Added October 17, 2010
Because of the blockade, immigration to the south was non-existent. The north had a lot of people coming in.
186,000 blacks, mostly slaves, were in the Union Army. It is estimated that 68,000 died.
Rear Admiral David Farragut joined the navy at age 9. At age 12 he was given command of a British ship that was captured in the War of 1812
Farragut was from Tennessee, but stayed with the Union Navy
Stonewall Jackson’s sister sent with the Union as was upset with her brother’s choice to stay in the Confederacy. They never reconciled.
William Cheeney brought Jefferson Davis a 2 man submarine that was launched in 1864. It was to sing the USS Minnesota at Hampton Roads
In Savannah, Charles Wilkenson and Charlie Carroll launched their version in 1862. It had a defective valve and Wilkenson died in the singing submarine.
Civil War Heroines:
Clara Barton. A nurse that went to the front lines
Mary Ann Bickerdyke. Instrumental in improving hospital conditions
Harriet Tubman. Worked with underground railroad
Mary Livermore. Organized the Northwest Sanitary Commission
Dorthea Dix. Superintendent of the US Nursing Corp.
The 620,000 killed in the Civil War is more than from any war from the Revolution to Korea.
Horatio Gouverneur Wright, a Brig Gen in the Corp of Engineering, supervised the building of the Washington Monument.
The Civil War produced not only the first income tax, but also the fires “sin” tax on tobacco and alcohol, a luxury tax on jewels and a license tax. In addition to this, the South imposeda 10% “tax in kind”, which required farmers to turn over a portion of their crops.
Added September 28, 2010
When Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated at the 16th president, the Capitol building was not completed. Even though he was criticized, Pres Lincoln kept up the construction of the building.
The war killed 40%of the south’s livestock, and destroyed greater that one half of its farm machinery
Start of the war
States 23 11
Population 22,000,000 9,000,000
Saw Duty 1,500,000 1,000,000
Southern soldiers fought for their homes, Northern soldiers fought for the preservation of the Union and emancipation. The north had more abstract causes
After the Monitor and the Merrimac battle at Hampton Roads, the North built 58 Monitor Class ironclads, and the South built 22
Because of McClellan’s initial “reluctance” to go to battle, Pres Lincoln asked if he could “borrow the army”,
Members of note of the West Point class of 1846: Ambrose P Hill, Thomas J “Stonewall” Jackson, George B McClellan, George Pickett
The main methods of military communications were, written reports and dispatches, Drums and Bugles, Flags and photographs.
Civil War Prisons:
Name Capacity Most Prisoners Deaths
Andersonville GA 10,000 33,000 12,919
Camp Douglas IL 6,000 12,000 4,454
Point Lookout MD 10,000 22,000 3,584
Salisbury NC 2,000 10,000 6,479
Added August 30,2010
It was not until February 19, 1911 that President William Howard Taft signed a bill to erect a memorial to Abraham Lincoln - The Lincoln Memorial.
By the end of the war, one fourth of the draft age men of the south were dead
Illinois was an important supply center for the Western Campaign
More than 250,000 Illinois men served in the Union Army. Illinois was on of the few states to exceed their quota
A relative of Robert E Lee, Samuel Phillips, served in the Union Navy - both on blockade duty and on the USS Mississippi. He became a rear admiral
At the ;start of the war the largest artillery pieces shot 6 lb canon balls. This rapidly increase to 10 lb and up to200 lb from mortars
Seven brothers and brothers-in-law of Mary Todd Lincoln were confederate soldiers
West Point graduate, Brig Gen Hylan Benton Lyon, Served in the Confederate artillery, the infantry, and the cavalry.
On March19, 1862, the Monitor and the Merrimac battled to a draw at Hampton Roads. The Union has previously burned and sunk the Merrimac when the South overpowered the Norfolk shipyards. This was to keep it out of the Confederate hands. The South salvaged it and turned it into an ironclad, which they renamed the Virginia
Stonewall Jackson would not start a fight that might carry over to a Sunday if he could help it.
After the war Gen Charles W Field of Kentucky, held the position of Inspector General for the Egyptian Army, and door keeper of the US House of Representatives.
Added July 18, 2010
The Statue of Liberty was an French idea in 1865. The French wanted to give a tribute to the US after the death of Abraham Lincoln, to show their support of the United States and honor liberty. On October 28, 1886, President Grover Cleveland dedicated the statue.
The Fall Episcopal Church was attended by George Washington And George Mason. During the Civil War the Union cavalry stabled their horses in the church
The Confederate battle flag with the St Andrews Cross has 13 stars. One for each state that seceded, and one each for Missouri and Kentucky who had proConfederate governors and were considered part of the Confederacy
Philip Armour, of the food industry, and Andrew Carnegie, of the steel industry, got their start during the Civil War
Ft Sumter was named for a Revolutionary War hero, Gen Thomas Sumter.
About 4,000 canon shells were fired at Ft Sumter
Flag Officer David Farragut was the first Read Admiral in the US. He was promoted after capturing New Orleans.
Two months after the battle of the Monitor and Merrimac, the Union captured Norfolk where the Merrimac was. The Confederated blew it up to prevent the Union form taking it. Eight months after the battle the Monitor sank in a storm off North Carolina.
There was no penicillin, so many died from infection which could not be cured.
Added July 6, 2010
Uncle Sam got his nickname form the Civil War. Samuel Wilson started a meat packing business in 1789. During the war, the company supplied provisions to the Union Army. Jokingly, the soldiers referred to the meet at Uncle Sam’s meat, and themselves as Uncle Sam’s Army. Soon all of the government property was stamped with the initials US, and this was referred to as Uncle Sam. The nickname is still around today.
The official newspaper of the Vatican published editorials defending the South
When Robert E Lee led the US Marines against John Brown at Harpers Ferry, JEB Stuart was his aide.
Greater than 50,000 books have been written about the Civil War
About10,000 military clashes took place, most were light skirmishes
John J Crittenden, author of an 1861 compromise that was hoped to avert war, had a Union General son, and a Confederate General son.
In 1861 Julius Kroehl invented a submarine that was rejected by the Union and the Confederacy. He then took it to the Pearl Islands where it harvested oysters.
When Ft Sumter was shelled, there were 9 commissioned officers, 68 non-commissioned officers and privates, 8 musicians, and 43 workmen.
Quartermaster General Alexander Robert Lawton of South Carolina, became president of the American Bar Association after the war;